The Battle of Control between the Jewish Christian Catholics and the Arab Christian Catholics Was this assignment of a Catholic Latin Patriarch alongside a Jewish Benedictine Catholic Bishop in the presence of a dogmatic Jewish Franciscan Father who is an international scholar of Catholic canon law a purposeful blend to cover the entire religio-political sphere in Jerusalem? Is it their aim to cause dissent with the final goal to bring ecumenical reconciliation so that the Vatican will soon be recognized as the international arbiter of religious peace in the Holy Land? The trends over the past decade appear to be the case. Drew Christiansen, Jesuit associate editor of American Yet the battle for the control between the Jewish and the Arab Christian Catholics was highlighted in an important article by the Drew Christiansen, S. As Christiansen writes about these power players: Jesuit Drew Christiansen S. To this list of kingpins Christiansen adds the spokesman for the Franciscans of the Holy Land, David-Maria Jaeger, another converted Jew, a canonist, and one of the negotiators of the agreement between Israel and the Holy Land. But in his case, Christiansen acknowledges attenuating circumstances. Jaeger had always supported an ecclesiastical jurisdiction, not for Jewish converts, but rather for the non-Arab Christians who have emigrated to Israel from Russia, Poland, the Philippines, etc. Is the soul of the Catholics also at stake in that the overarching bid to gain control over the holy sites of Jerusalem will in turn radically change the nature of Christian Catholicism today?
At the same time, I have to admit that I have not dated Israeli girls, I have only dated Jewish girls living in the Diaspora i. I DO have a bunch of Israeli friends though both guys and girls , and so I have a very good idea of what they are like. Israeli girls are more direct and straightforward than other Jewish girls and maybe a little more mature and grounded.
Other Jewish girls may hide what they are thinking a bit more.
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Development of the City and its Chief Monuments I. This tradition is confirmed by the cuneiform tablets discovered in at Tell Amarna, in Egypt see below, under III. Five of these letters, written at Jerusalem about the year B. It figures in Assyrian inscriptions under the name of Ur-sa-li-im-mu. According to the Assyrian syllabaries, uru and ur signify “city” Hebrew ir.
In several of the Tell Armana Tablets the word salim is used in the sense of “peace”. Ursalim, therefore, means “City of Peace”. The Psalmist, too, connects Salem with Sion:
News from Jerusalem
According to a Midrash , the name is a combination of Yhwh Yir’eh “God will see to it”, the name given by Abraham to the place where he began to sacrifice his son and the town ” Shalem “. The mountains of Judah belong to him, to the God of Jerusalem”. In Greek and Latin the city’s name was transliterated Hierosolyma Greek: Other early Hebrew sources,  early Christian renderings of the verse  and targumim ,  however, put Salem in Northern Israel near Shechem or Sichem , now Nablus , a city of some importance in early sacred Hebrew writing.
First and Second Temples in Jerusalem. by Lambert Dolphin and Michael Kollen. Because of our sins we were exiled from our country and banished from our land.
The gate on the western side of the Old City marked the end of the highway leading from the Jaffa coast and now leads into the Muslim and Armenian quarters. A road allows cars to enter the Old City through a wide gap in the wall between Jaffa Gate and the Citadel. The ruling Ottoman Turks opened it so the German Emperor would not have to dismount his carriage to enter the city. Herod’s Flowers Gate The entrance into the Muslim quarter through the northern wall.
The gate consists of one large center gate originally intended for use by persons of high station, and two smaller side entrances for commoners. New Gate So named because it was constructed relatively recently – in It leads into the Christian quarter. Zion Gate note the bullet marks Zion Gate Located in the south, this was one of the main gates used by the Israel Defense Forces in to enter and capture the Old City.
Church of Dominus Flevit
The Golden Gate (Sha’ar Harachamim, Gate of Mercy) of Jerusalem’s Old City wall has special significance on Yom Kippur, the Jewish Day of the gate were opened, it would lead directly onto the Temple Plaza. The outside of the gate would open .
The Via Dolorosa pilgrimage is followed by Christians of many denominations, but especially Catholics and Orthodox. Originally, Byzantine pilgrims followed a similar path to the one taken today, but did not stop along the way. Over the centuries, the route has changed several times. By the 8th century, the route had changed: The Middle Ages saw two rival routes, based on a split in the Latin Church: From the 14th to 16th centuries, pilgrims followed the Franciscan route, which began at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and included eight stations.
Around this time, the tradition of 14 Stations of the Cross was developing in Europe. To avoid disappointing European pilgrims, the difference was made up with the addition of six more stations. Today, the main route of the Via Dolorosa is that of the early Byzantine pilgrims, with 14 stations along the way. However, alternative routes are followed by those who have different opinions on the locations of various events.
For most pilgrims, however, the exact location of each event along the Via Dolorosa is of little importance; the pilgrimage has great meaning due to its proximity to the original events and the reflection upon them along the way.
He has always been there for us in our time of need speaking out with courage and compassion. Mike Evans is a true ambassador of Jerusalem, representing millions of Christians in America. Please know how thankful we are for you as well as for the privilege of your friendship and fellowship. You are loved and esteemed in His life and the partnership in ministry for the Kingdom we so richly enjoy.
This is a timeline of major events in the History of Jerusalem; a city that had been fought over sixteen times in its history. During its long history, Jerusalem has been destroyed twice, besieged 23 times, attacked 52 times, and captured and recaptured 44 times.
What are the spiritual, historical and political claims — from both sides? While the media bombards us with constant reports of violence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, there is no doubt that the epicenter of the conflict lies in Jerusalem and more specifically on the Temple Mount in the Old City. Yasser Arafat constantly repeats that there can be no peace without Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine and total Muslim sovereignty over the Temple Mount.
Indeed, the last Camp David Summit floundered over Arafat’s uncompromising position on the issue of controlling the site. Israeli leaders, on the other hand, say that Jerusalem will remain under Israeli sovereignty, even as Barak offered significant autonomy over the Temple Mount and Palestinian Authority control over Arab sections of Jerusalem.
What historical or religious claim do both sides make? Is either party’s claim for Jerusalem stronger, or is it merely a case of “might makes right? From the Jewish perspective, the area of special holiness is Mount Moriah, today known as the Temple Mount. This area is located beneath the platform on which the Muslim Shrine, the Dome Of the Rock, now stands.
In the Jewish Bible, Jerusalem has many names: The most common term for the city, Yerushalayim, is mentioned times in the Jewish Bible, while Tziyon is mentioned an additional times. The earliest mention of the site is Genesis 4: According to Jewish tradition the story of the Binding of Isaac Genesis
Jerusalem’s Old City Gates
Clicking on a yellow square will jump to the selected point in this page or other web pages. Hezekiah King B. Among other works, he constructed a tunnel from the Gihon spring to the Shiloah Siloam pool, blocking the old Canaanite watercourse in order to prevent the waters of the Gihon to be used by the enemy. The Bible recorded the historical events leading to the construction of the tunnel, which gave it the common name “Hezekiah tunnel”. So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water?
Jerusalem, the capital of the State of Israel, is home to many of the country’s government institutions including the Knesset, the President’s residence and Prime Minister’s Office, the Supreme.
Jerusalem was settled before the time of David dating back into the 14th chapter of Genesis where Melchizedek is the king of the city called Salem. David conquered the city of Jebus, the Jebusite city and made it the capital of Israel. Here are the guard towers that would have been built to protect the water source called the Gihon Springs. Carl Rasmussen discuss the remains of the towers at the Gihon Springs. You will see the remains of the towers that are seen in the picture above. This tower protectected the pool that formed by the Gihon Springs.
Jerusalem & Kotel Tours
What are the spiritual, historical and political claims — from both sides? The Jews of Israel are currently locked into a conflict with their Palestinian Arab neighbors. While the media bombards us with constant reports of violence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, there is no doubt that the epicenter of the conflict lies in Jerusalem and more specifically on the Temple Mount in the Old City.
The Jews of Israel are currently locked into a conflict with their Palestinian Arab neighbors. While the media bombards us with constant reports of violence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, there is no doubt that the epicenter of the conflict lies in Jerusalem and more specifically on .
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. The Palestine Exploration Fund, founded in , sponsored a number of excavations and topographic surveys. It was not, however, until the excavations of Kathleen Kenyon between and that the first modern, scientific archaeological work was conducted in the city. There are also notable remains of public buildings alongside a main street.
Remains found within the precincts of the First Wall in the Jewish quarter bear the imprint of burning and destruction during the sack of the city by the Romans in 70 ce. Religious artifacts from the period of the First Temple have been discovered, and for the first time walls of structures dating to the 8th and 7th centuries bce have been found. Near the Temple Mount inside the walls, notable remains of an Umayyad palace have been found. The excavations since in the Mount Ophel and City of David area have revealed evidence of settlement dating to the 4th millennium bce as well as of Canaanite and early Hebrew settlements, the latter with a wealth of seals, epigraphic material, and everyday utensils.
A most significant discovery was the Roman and Byzantine Cardo, a street running from the vicinity of the Zion Gate through the restored Jewish quarter to its Crusader part and crossing the Old City bazaars. The street has been reconstructed using the ancient pavement, columns, and capitals. The flurry of archaeological investigation in Jerusalem has not been without political controversy, however. In the opening of an archaeological tunnel exit along the Western Wall ignited Muslim fears that the excavations might undermine the Islamic structures on the Temple Mount, and rioting ensued.
Pre-Israelite city[ edit ] The city of Jerusalem has been surrounded by walls for its defense since ancient times. In the Middle Bronze Age , a period also known in biblical terms as the era of the Patriarchs , a city named Jebus was built on the southeastern hill of Jerusalem, relatively small 50, square meters but well fortified. Remains of its walls are located above the Siloam Tunnel. Supporting his case, every non-biblical mention of Jerusalem found in the ancient Near East refers to the city as ‘Jerusalem’.
His city was still located on the low southeastern hill, outside today’s Old City area. Solomon , David’s son, built the First Temple on the hilltop rising right above the city he had inherited, the Temple Mount , and then extended the city walls in order to protect the temple.
The End of the Walk through the Tunnel Leads into What Many Believed to be the Pool of Siloam until the Correct Pool was Escavated in The City of Jerusalem was originally settled because of the natural water source at the Gihon Springs.
We cannot go up as pilgrims to worship Thee, to perform our duties in Thy chosen house, the great and Holy Temple which was called by Thy name, on account of the hand that was let loose on Thy sanctuary. May it be Thy will, Lord our God and God of our fathers, merciful King, in Thy abundant love again to have mercy on us and on Thy sanctuary; rebuild it speedily and magnify its glory.
To the right, at the top, is the gray dome of Al Aqsa Mosque. The far right hand edge of the photo shows the Western Wall the Kotel , the Jewish prayer area. The Dome of the Rock is especially beautiful because of the recent addition of new gold leaf to the anodized aluminum dome. The traditional location of the First and Second Temples lies in the immediate vicinity of the Dome of the Rock. The proposed Northern site for the Temples is just to the left at the stairs in the bottom left of the photo.
The level of the bedrock of Mount Moriah outcrops within the Dome of the Rock and is just beneath the paving stones of the surrounding platform. However, to the south the bedrock drops steeply towards the City of David and the junction of Hinnom and Kidron Valleys. It is surrounded by a trapezoidal wall: The south wall measures about feet, the North about , the east wall about and the west wall about feet in length.
The average height above sea level on the platform is about feet above sea level. Most of the buildings and surface features are Islamic – no visible traces of the First or Second Temples can be found on the platform today. The area is park-like in its settings with plants of trees and shrubs and many ancient buildings and monuments added over the past years of Moslem stewardship of the site.
Want to use this map on your web site? Copy and Paste the code below: The Citadel, popularly known as the Tower of David, actually has no connection with David, having been erected by King Herod to protect the palace he built in approximately 24 BC. His original citadel had three towers named after his brother Phasael, his wife Mariamne, and his friend Hippicus.
Jerusalem – History: The earliest surveys and excavations in Jerusalem were conducted in the 19th century, mainly by European Christians such as the French scholars Louis Félicien de Saulcy and Charles Clermont-Ganneau and the Englishman Sir Charles Warren, who were inspired by the wish to identify locations mentioned in the Bible. The Palestine Exploration Fund, founded in , sponsored .
King Solomon builds the First Temple. Solomon dies, and the Golden Age of Israel ends. Jerusalem becomes the capital of the southern Kingdom of Judah led by Rehoboam after the split of the United Monarchy. Possibly the same as Shishak , the first Pharaoh mentioned in the Bible who captured and pillaged Jerusalem see Bubastite Portal. Jerusalem is sacked by Philistines , Arabs and Ethiopians , who looted King Jehoram’s house, and carried off all of his family except for his youngest son Jehoahaz.
Hazael of Aram Damascus conquers most of Canaan. According to the Bible, Jehoash of Judah gave all of Jerusalem’s treasures as a tribute, but Hazael proceeded to destroy “all the princes of the people” in the city. Jehoash of Israel sacks the city, destroys the walls and takes Amaziah of Judah prisoner. At around this time, the Siege of Gezer , 20 miles west of Jerusalem, is recorded on a stone relief at the Assyrian royal palace in Nimrud.